With the announcement of the preliminary ruling on the â€œdouble-reverseâ€ investigation of Chinese PV companies by the US International Trade Commission and the US Department of Commerce on December 5, Chinaâ€™s responding PV companies have actively participated in the defense work, but from the historical perspective In the preliminary ruling, the US International Trade Commission found that there was very little industrial damage and suspended investigations, less than 10%. On the other hand, the complex political and trade background and high public attention of this survey made the Chinese responding companies not hope that the US International Trade Commission would determine that there was no industrial damage at the preliminary stage, but The Chinese responding companies are still actively participating in the defense work in the preliminary stage, in order to lay the foundation for the defense at the final stage. In this survey, the government subsidy for the government in the photovoltaic industry has become the focus of attention of US PV companies. It seems that in China, PV companies can â€œfreelyâ€ obtain interest-free financial support from banks, and at the same time â€œCheapâ€ access to land use rights to build factories is a â€œsubsidy policy of the Chinese governmentâ€, and is Chinaâ€™s PV companies so comfortable? Do you really enjoy the extra funding provided by the government? Government subsidies are not as good as those of the European and American Suntech Group Chairman Shi Zhengrong. The achievements of China's 30 years of reform and opening up are derived from the transparency, consistency and continuity of government policies, but they are not grown by government funding. It still comes from the grasp of opportunities and the improvement of its own technological development and management progress. Yan Xiaoying, chairman of the Artes Group, said that China's PV products have competitive advantages. The fundamental reason is the cluster development of the PV industry chain in China in recent years, the high management level of China's PV companies, and the advanced productivity and production models and forward-looking. Business strategy, not as stated by SolarWorld, a German company from Germany. In fact, all countries in Europe and the United States have given various forms of support to the country's green energy industry. Compared with European and American countries, the Chinese government has much less support for the photovoltaic industry. In fact, SolarWorld is also a beneficiary of government support projects in Europe and the United States. From the perspective of bank interest rates, China's bank interest rates are much higher than those in Europe and America. Gao Jifan, chairman of Trina Solar, pointed out that Chinese PV companies are responsible for bank interest rates of 6% to 10%, while European and American interest rates are only 4% to 5%. China's banks, like other profit-making organizations, are all profit-oriented. Therefore, the Chinese government has created a fair environment for all enterprises, and ultimately Chinese PV companies can rely on the market or rely on global operations. From the perspective of government funding, according to incomplete statistics, Solar World received a total of about $43 million in tax credits and public subsidies in the new Oregon plant project, which was acquired in Europe in 2003, 2010 and 2011 respectively. Government subsidies of 73.15 million euros, 18.75 million euros and 45 million euros. Shi Zhengrong said, "We don't have any PV companies in China that enjoy such high government subsidies, and we may not even have a fraction of it." The â€œcheapâ€ land transfer is also a favorable government subsidy for Chinese PV companies, which is widely recognized by foreign PV companies. According to Xiao Xiaoying, Artesâ€™ land in China is obtained at market prices and is not available at low prices. â€œSolarworld receives subsidies in Europe and America. There is no objection. On the contrary, we support it, but we are very opposed to using this double standard to look at us.â€ Double-standard â€œdouble-reverse investigationâ€ In this â€œdouble-reverseâ€ investigation, the â€œidentityâ€ of the appeal company Solar World is also compared. In particular, it is a subsidiary of a German company in the United States, not a US-based company, and the other six complaints companies have never even announced their identity. Therefore, the complaints of the â€œdouble-reverseâ€ investigation only accounted for very few US PV companies. Part of it does not represent the position of mainstream US PV companies. As an important issue in this investigation, the original investigation filed by the appealing enterprise was the crystalline silicon battery imported from China, but the appealing company suddenly applied for the afternoon before the preliminary hearing, requesting to expand the scope of the investigation to the battery and components. A rare practice is to complain to the company about the obvious manipulation of the investigation process. But there is another headache for Chinese companies, because in the US Department of Commerce investigation process, the US government does not recognize China as a market economy country, the US Department of Commerce should choose a "substitute country" to calculate Chinese companies. Cost, and this approach is likely to seriously distort the real survival cost of Chinese enterprises, thereby greatly unreasonably increasing the anti-dumping and countervailing duty rates of the final ruling. Xiao Xiaoyu called for "hoping that the US will uphold the spirit of the law in the investigation process and discard it." Interference with political factors." Because the US PV industry has benefited greatly from China's PV cells and components for US exports, it strongly objected to Solar World's complaint. The US PV industry has formed an organization called â€œEvaluating Solar Power Allianceâ€, which includes 101 US companies covering all aspects of the US PV industry chain. Alliance members accuse Solar World of damaging the global PV industry for decades. The progress made threatens tens of thousands of jobs in the United States and strongly urges Solar World to withdraw its application. "Twelfth Five-Year" Opportunities for China's Photovoltaic Applications Faced with questions from foreign governments and enterprises, what kind of face will China's PV industry meet in the upcoming PV market and China's PV market in the coming 2012? Xiao Xiaoying believes: "In the past few years, China's photovoltaic production capacity has grown considerably from polysilicon to the entire industrial chain of silicon wafers. However, capacity expansion is not used to invade overseas markets, nor is it intended to In the US market, the expansion and preparation of this capacity is largely for the market demand in the Chinese market now and in the coming years. China is a country with real power shortage and a country with very strong requirements for new energy emission reduction. So China will have a lot of energy demand in the next few years.â€ â€œChina wants to increase the reserves of renewable energy in terms of energy demand. So Chinaâ€™s PV industry has prepared a lot of capacity, which will be consumed by China now and in the future, instead of What the US companies and markets are worried about, the Chinese market is big enough. China's PV applications will flourish.â€ Xiao Xiaoyu pointed out, â€œWith the technological advances in the photovoltaic industry over the past few years and the expansion of the industry scale, the price of photovoltaic power generation products has been A lot of decline, photovoltaic power generation on-grid prices in some of the world's major economies The user has achieved a cheap Internet access, and in the next few years will achieve a faster Internet access from the power generation end to the client in most parts of the world and China." He also called for China to go from the central to the local Use this opportunity to introduce more policies to encourage the application of Chinese PV products in China. During the â€œTwelfth Five-Year Planâ€ period, the original installed capacity of photovoltaics was increased to 5GW to 10GW, and to the recent 15GW. Chinese PV companies firmly believe that their successful business in the United States comes from fair competition rather than unfair trade practices. Therefore, they are confident that they will actively respond to the â€œdouble-reverseâ€ investigation and will make great efforts to this end. Chinese PV companies will continue to focus on maintaining and improving their competitiveness in the US market, providing cost-effective, technologically advanced, high-quality and reliable PV products to the US market, contributing to the long-term sustainable development of the US and global PV energy markets.
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